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In medical terms, pimples is better known as Acne Vulgaris. It is a disease of the skin which chiefly concerns the oil glands which are to be found at the base of hair follicles. It is most common in adolescents when these glands start functioning. The glands become active due to the stimulation received from the male hormones secreted by the adrenal glands of both the genders.
It is not a dangerous condition per se but can potentially scar the skin, a condition abhorred by those in the tumultuous adolescent phase. The oil or sebaceous glands are located beneath the skin and it is connected with the human skin through pores or tiny holes containing follicles or small canals. The function of the sebum or the oil produced by the gland is to carry dead skin cells to the skin’s surface. These follicles are susceptible to being blocked.
Pimples are usually found on the face, neck, shoulders, back and the chest in human beings. The skin cells, the oil-sebum and the hair clump together to form a plug. In time, the plug becomes infected due to the presence of bacteria which results in the swelling. The plug begins to break down and a pimple develops.
Proper examination and treatment plan can control acne and prevent scarring and pigmentation.
ALLERGIC DERMATITISALLERGIC DERMATITIS: The allergic contact dermatitis depends upon the chemical that gets reacted to one’s body and the sensitivity of the skin towards the chemical or product which have that chemical in it. Allergic contact dermatitis occurs when the skin develops an allergic reaction after being exposed to the foreign substance. This causes the body to release inflammatory chemicals and it is only responsible for making the skin to feel itchy and irritated. The first important step thus to control the impacts of the allergic contact dermatitis is identification wherein one needs to search for the product which causes harms to one’s skin. After one identifies the particular product, one should stop using it and if it’s very necessary to use, then one can think of other alternative products so as to ensure safety. It is advisable to contact the skin specialist on the onset of the itching and rashes.
ATOPIC DERMATITISATOPIC DERMATITIS: It is a skin condition that affects many and is common type of eczema. This skin disease causes red rashes that are extremely itchy. The arms, legs and the cheeks are commonly effected. This condition generally starts from childhood itself, mostly in the first few months after birth. This condition can be extremely severe and cause much discomfort. While in some children the condition may improve and disappear as they grow older, in case of other it may just get worse. The condition may improve in later childhood, but can reappear during adulthood as well. AD is more likely to occur in patients who suffer from asthma or hay fever. The exact cause of Atopic Dermatitis is yet unknown, in spite of the extensive research that has been done on it. While the condition is genetic, the reason why it transfers from parents to offspring is not known. Research reveals that about 10% of the population across the world suffer from Atopic Dermatitis at some point in their life.
AUTOIMMUNE DISEASESAUTOIMMUNE DISEASES: Autoimmune skin diseases are conditions that can affect many parts of your body in addition to your skin. Many of autoimmune skin diseases are rare, complicated to treat, and have a large impact on patients’ quality of life. Autoimmune skin diseases include the following:
- pemphigus vulgaris
- bullous pemphigoid