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Home / Gynecomastia

Gynecomastia (sometimes referred as man boobs) is a relatively common condition where a boy’s or man’s breast is larger than normal.

There is an  imbalance in the hormonal environment in the body, usually around puberty, with a relative excess of estrogens  compared to androgens. As a result, the breast tissue under the nipple starts to grow and this is accompanied by deposition of fat around it.

Causes :

  • Genetic factor
  • Old age
  • Obesity
  • Side effect of medications
  • Anabolic steroids
  • Chronic alcohol abuse
  • Drug addiction
  • Chronic liver failure
  • Idiopathic / unknown cause

An Ideal  candidate

  • Enlarged breast/ chest area which causes embaressment.
  • Inability to wear a fitting t-shirt or to take off one’s shirt in public.
  • In the younger patient, especially those in their teens suffering from severe psychological issues because of being teased or tormented by peers.

The Procedure:

  • The condition can be treated permanently only by surgery.
  • Surgery is performed under general anaesthesia
  • Surgery may be liposuction or open reduction or most commonly a combination of both.
  • It depends on whether the condition is predominantly fatty, predominantly glandular or a combination of both.
  • Liposuction is always performed as part of the surgical treatment to remove the excess breast fat and shred the gland tissue.
  • If the gland tissue is significant or it is too firm / hard, then it is removed by open excision.

Postoperative recovery:

  • It’s a day care a surgery , no hospital stay required.
  • A pressure garment or corset is mandatory to be worn inside the shirt/ t shirt for a period of 6 weeks
  • Plenty of oral fluid and high protein diet to facilitate healing.
  • Normal activities resumes in a day and return to work 3-5 days .
  • Heavy lifting is best avoided during this time .

Benefits :

  • Most people can return to work within a week .
  • Day care surgery and patient can go home the same day
  • Results are immediate, visible immediately after the pressure garment is removed.
  • The results are permanent.
  • It is a minimally invasive surgery and the scar is almost invisible.

Expected Results:

  • It will restore a naturally masculine appearance to your chest.
  • A firmer, flatter, and better-shaped chest.
  • The patient feels more confident with vastly increased self-esteem.
  • Result is permanent

A lot of men are hesitant to discuss the issue with their family and friends, consulting a PLASTIC SURGEON is highly recommended, it will help not only in diagnosing or ruling out and eventually treating it effectively.


Gynecomastia is an increase in the amount of breast gland tissue in boys or men, caused by an imbalance of the hormones estrogen and testosterone. Gynecomastia can affect one or both breasts, sometimes unevenly.

Pseudogynecomastia refers to an increase in fat but not glandular tissue in male breasts.

Newborns, boys going through puberty and older men may develop gynecomastia as a result of normal changes in hormone levels, though other causes also exist.

Generally, gynecomastia isn’t a serious problem, but it can be tough to cope with the condition. Men and boys with gynecomastia sometimes have pain in their breasts and may feel embarrassed.

Gynecomastia may go away on its own. If it persists, medication or surgery may help.

Gynecomastia surgery reduces breast size in men, attening and enhancing the chest contours. In severe cases of gyneco-mastia, the weight of excess breast tissue may cause the breasts to sag and stretch the areola . In these cases the position and size of the areola can be surgically improved and excess skin may be reduced. Plastic surgery to correct gynecomastia is technically called reduction mamma-plasty
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